Even if you are an experienced cyclist, it’s a good idea to review the fundamentals of bike safety periodically.

You may also want to review them with younger cyclists in your family.

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Maintain Control

The following are things you can do to maintain control of your bicycle, even in an emergency:

  • Ensure your bicycle is the right size and properly adjusted to fit you.
  • A properly-fitted bicycle is more comfortable and easier to control.
  • A bicycle shop can help you choose the correct size bicycle.
  • Ensure your bicycle is in good working order by inspecting it regularly.

Protect Yourself

Properly-fitted helmets provide protection from a potentially life-threatening head injury. By law, bicycle riders under 18 years old must wear a bicycle helmet while riding on a public road.

Wear your helmet per manufacturer directions.

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Be Visible and Alert

Even if you obey all traffic laws, there is always a risk of a collision.

  • Be prepared to stop for vehicles waiting at stop signs, in driveways, or parking spaces.
  • Be prepared to take evasive action relating to vehicles that have just passed you and may turn right.
  • Use hand signals before making turns or changing lanes to warn traffic around you.

Ride in a Safe Lane Position

Ride in the same direction as traffic so you are more visible to drivers entering roads or changing lanes in the following scenarios:

Passing a vehicle or another bicycle.

Preparing to make a left turn at an intersection.

When a lane is too narrow for a bicycle

When approaching a right turn.

If the road is one-way with two or more lanes.